Latin name: Scorpiones
size: 1 - 20cm (depending on the species)
Older: 2 - 13 years
Sexual dimorphism: Yes
Nutrition type: preferably insectivores (insektivor)
food: Insects, mollusks
original origin: unknown
Sleep-wake rhythm: twilight and nocturnal
habitat: unspecific (deserts, forests, savannas)
natural enemies: Lizards, snakes, spiders, birds
sexual maturity: about the second / third year of life
mating season: depending on the species
oviposition: up to 100 eggs
social behavior: Loners
Threatened with extinction: Yes
Further profiles of animals can be found in the Encyclopaedia.
Interesting about the scorpion
- Scorpions are arachnids or arachnids and are common on all continents except the Antarctic.
- Up to a meter long scorpions inhabited the earth over 400 million years ago, but these lived mainly in the water.
- Worldwide, there are 1400 known and other thousands of unclassified species of scorpions that vary widely in appearance, lifestyle and size.
- As the smallest scorpion Microbuthus pusillus is only a few millimeters long, the largest specimens live in Africa and reach a body length of up to 20 centimeters.
- Most species live as soil dwellers, but there are also scorpions that live on trees or in caves up to eight hundred meters deep. Most species are native to the tropical and subtropical regions, where they can be found in deserts, semi-deserts and dry, rocky coastal areas, as well as in savannas and forests.
- Common to all scorpions is the physique with two scissors and the bent toward the front part poison sting.
- Scorpions feed on insects, arachnids, snakes, lizards, molluscs and small mammals. Many species endure for years without food and slow down their metabolism during this time. However, this energy-saving mode has no negative impact on their hunting abilities.
- As nocturnal and local predators, most scorpions lurk their prey in close proximity to their hiding place, catching them with their tongs and injecting their poison to immobilize them. Some scorpions make special traps, others catch insects in flight or actively stalk their victims.
- The poison is not only for hunting, but also for the defense against predators such as birds of prey, snakes and various mammals. In spite of the strong toxicity of the poison, some species such as porcupines or meerkats, which scorpions serve as an important food source, are completely immune.
- Of the 1400 species, about fifty species produce dangerous, sometimes lethal, poison for humans. However, the species native to Europe pose no great danger to humans. However, their sting is painful and comparable to that of a bee or wasp.
- Scorpions produce fluorescent substances that make them visible in the dark under the influence of UV light.
- As a loner, most scorpions only clash in the mating season. After the partners have found each other, they perform an often-hours mating dance before the female eats the male after the mating. After fertilization, the female carries the brood, which may include up to one hundred juveniles, on her back. After the first moult the boys leave the care of the mother.
- Among some species, the cubs of a brood join together into close family associations, live together in hiding places, and go hunting together.